Periodontitis or gum disease is a common infection that damages the soft tissue and bones that support the tooth. Without treatment, the alveolar bone around the tooth is slowly and progressively lost. The name periodontitis means inflammation around the teeth. Microorganisms like bacterium they stick to the surface of the tooth and to the pockets that surround the tooth and multiply. How the immune system reacts leads to inflammation. Untreated periodontitis will eventually lead to tooth loss, which can increase the risk of stroke, heart attack and other health problems.
Bacterial plaque, a sticky colorless membrane that develops over the surface of the tooth, is the most common cause of this disease. If plaque is not removed it can harden and form tartar. The risk of getting periodontitis is reduced by adequate oral hygiene.
The main goal of the treatment is to clean the bacteria from the pockets around the teeth and prevent further destruction of tissues and bones.
Good oral hygiene
Good oral hygiene should be practiced daily to prevent infection and keep teeth and gums healthy. Proper dental care includes brushing your teeth at least twice a day. If there is enough space between the teeth, an interdental brush is recommended.
Periodontitis is a chronic or long-term inflammatory disease. Regular removal of plaque and calculus is necessary for good oral health. The patient’s dentist performs scaling and degreasing to clean below the gum line. This is usually done using an ultrasound device that breaks down plaque and calculus.
Many mouthwashes and other treatments are available such as oral antibiotics, antibiotic gels, antibiotic microspheres, antiseptics and more.
If proper oral hygiene and non-surgical treatments are not effective, surgery may be needed. Options include: valve operation. The doctor performs an intervention to reduce the existing pockets in order to maintain oral care cleanliness was easier. The goal of surgery is to make the gums cling tightly around the teeth.
Graft of bone and tissue
This procedure helps to restore the destroyed bone or gum tissue. New natural or synthetic bone is placed where the bone is lost, encouraging bone growth. Aqueous tissue regeneration is a surgical procedure whose goal is to regenerate tissue and repair damage caused by periodontitis. During this intervention, the dentist can use special proteins or growth factors that help the body to naturally regenerate bones. Soft tissue transplantation can even be done. Success depends on how advanced the disease is, how well the patient adheres to adequate oral hygiene, and other factors, such as smoking status.
The effects of periodontitis can be stopped by regular examinations, treatment, good oral hygiene, and that is all part of the treatment when the infection has already occurred. It is obligatory to use dental floss in places where the brush cannot reach.
Inflamed or swollen gums and recurrent swelling of the gums, bright red sometimes purple gums, pain when touching the gums, pulling of the gums that make the teeth look longer, additional gaps that appear between the teeth, pus between teeth and gums, bleeding when brushing, metallic taste in the mouth, halitosis or bad breath and loose teeth.
Risk factors for periodontitis
The risk of disease is higher if a high level of aggressive bacteria is present immunity weakened. The following risk factors are associated with the occurrence of periodontitis: smoking, hormonal changes in women, diabetes ,, cancer , AIDS, certain drugs and genetic factor.
14 natural ways to treat gums
The research confirmed that the Ayurvedic practice of extracting oil led to the withdrawal of plaque. To try the oil extraction method, nibble on a tablespoon of quality coconut oil for about 20 minutes. Pass the oil between the teeth, then spit out the oil, rinse your mouth with warm water or saline solution and brush your teeth. The traditional oil used for this technique is sesame oil, however research shows that coconut oil can prevent certain bacteria from damaging tooth enamel.
According to a 2009 study, eucalyptus oil is an anti-inflammatory germicide that can treat receding gums and encourage the growth of new gum tissue.
Salted water is used as an antibacterial rinsing agent that soothes gingivitis. To make this solution, combine 1 tablespoon of salt and 1 cup of warm water. Rinse your mouth with this mixture for 30 seconds, do not swallow this mixture, but spit it out and repeat two to three times a day.
According to a 2009 survey of consumption green tea can help maintain dental health and thus prevent periodontitis. Consume one to two cups of green tea a day.
Peppermint essential oil
According to an article from 2013 in the European Journal of Dentistry, this oil can be effective in preventing the growth of microorganisms that cause mouth disease.
A 2009 study shows that aloe juice can be important in maintaining oral health. Injecting medicinal aloe juice into inflamed gums has resulted in improvement in people with periodontitis.
A 2014 clinical trial claims that taking septiline improves the results of treatment of people suffering from periodontitis. Septilin is available in the form of tablets and syrups. The recommended dose for adults is two tablets taken twice a day or two teaspoons of syrup taken three times a day.
Omega 3 fatty acids
A 2014 clinical trial concluded that 300mg of omega 3 fatty acids taken daily for 12 weeks could reduce inflammation and improve gum attachment to teeth. They also have a positive effect on preventing chronic periodontitis.
Tea tree essential oil
An article from 2013 in the European Journal of Dentistry concluded that tea tree oil is effective in preventing the growth of harmful microorganisms that cause periodontitis.
Turmeric contains curcumin, which is known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. According to research from 2015, curcumin gel prevents inflammatory processes in the mouth.
Rinsing with water and hydrogen peroxide solution can help treat inflamed, red or swollen gums. To use hydrogen proxide as a natural remedy for gum treatment: combine 1/4 3% hydrogen peroxide with 1/4 cup water. Rinse your mouth with this mixture for 30 seconds and then spit out the solution. You repeat this two to three times a week.
Thyme essential oil
According to an article from 2013 in the European Journal of Dentistry, thyme oil is effective in preventing the growth of harmful microorganisms that cause inflammation in the mouth.
Brush your teeth for 2 minutes at least 2 times a day. Choose a brush with soft bristles to remove plaque and debris from the teeth and along the gum line. No matter how vigorously you brush, a brush with medium or hard bristles can damage the gums, root surface or tooth enamel.
According to the American Dental Association, flossing once a day is a key part of daily dental care. By removing the plaque that the brush cannot reach.
Aging and genetics can cause tooth loss even if you practice good oral hygiene habits.