This nutrition theory, named after a collection of textbooks on ancient Indian medicine, is based on traditions over 4,000 years old. Accordingly, physical and psychological bodily processes are governed by three life energies (doshas), each of which has its own individual combination. Each of the three doshas (Vata, Pitta, and Kapha) consists of two of the five basic life blocks:
Vata – ether and air Pitta – fire and water Kapha – water and earth
According to the Ayurvedic diet, health means maintaining energies in their original schedule. A diet chosen according to taste and physical properties should also contribute to this. Depending on which of the three doshas predominates, the following dishes are recommended:
Vata – slender and agile people tend to dry skin, prone to digestive disorders. They are recommended for easily digestible, hot, and fatty dishes with a sweet, sour, or salty taste.
Pitta – mentally and physically active people of athletic build. You should choose light and cold dishes with sweet, bitter, or bitter tastes.
Kapha – strongly built people with a lot of endurance, muscular strength, and composure. Fresh fruits and raw vegetables are recommended. Light and dry dishes have a bitter, tart, or spicy taste.
Chinese nutrition science classifies nutrition according to five elements. Food and dishes are divided according to heat effect and taste.
Thermal effect: Medicinal herbs and food is divided into hot – warm – neutral – refreshing – cold. So, there are foods that warm the body and others that provide refreshment and cooling. In this way, you can take both the individual constitution and the climate into account. Hot-hearted people should avoid grilled food, garlic, and hot spices and reduce internal heat with asparagus, spinach, and gooseberries.
For those who are forever cold, sweet potatoes, lamb, leeks, cinnamon, and cloves are useful against colds. Depending on the climate, you should eat more refreshing foods such as salads, cucumbers, tomatoes, zucchini, and melons during the summer. In winter, you should warm up the diet. Meat soups, cabbage, and pumpkin vegetables help here.
This form of nutrition is based on Taoism’s religious and philosophical teachings, focusing on the opposing forces of Yin and Yang. Hence, health is possible only through a balance between these forces. Macrobiotics returns to the rather radical nutritional concept of the Japanese natural philosopher Georges Oshava, according to which at least 60% of the diet should consist of brown rice. Vegetables, seaweed, legumes, and a lot of table salt, and a little liquid complete the “menu.” you should avoid coffee, sugar, dairy products, fruits, and raw vegetables.
After Oshava’s death, his successor, Mishio Kushi, developed the Kushi diet, which modernized classical macrobiotics and adapted them to Western eating habits. Here, too, the whole grains’ share is the main component of the menu with 50-60%. Also recommended are vegetables, tofu, soy, soy products, legumes, lean fish, and seaweed. Meat, sugar, and dairy products, except sour milk products, should be avoided. Small amounts of fruit are allowed. Oshava and Kushi recommend a soup with miso (lactic acid fermented soy paste, grains, and table salt) or tamari (also a soy product) every day.
Kushi also recommends consuming food from the region by seasonal stocks and, if possible, from organic agriculture.
This diet form should be considered critical due to the one-sidedness of food, high consumption of table salt, and low fluid intake.
This is a life teaching developed by the prophet Zarathustra, which is based on the main pillars of breathing and nutrition. The goal of this life learning is to achieve a higher level of culture and peace. This should be achieved through a moderate lifestyle, breathing exercises and a choice of natural foods.
Doctor Ottoman Zar-dush expanded the doctrine of Mazdaznan in Europe in 1908. presented the first edition of Mazdaznan’s diet in German. From this it can be seen that this is a predominantly plant-based diet with a share of dairy products and eggs. Sources of protein and carbohydrates should be consumed separately. The menu includes cereals, raw vegetables and greens. Distilled water is recommended as a drink. Alcohol, sugar and white flour should be avoided.
In addition, there are three different types of this type of diet:
Mild material – you should eat a lot of home-made fruit, lettuce, cooked and raw grains.
Intellectual type – eat cooked grains, roasted vegetables and tropical fruits without seeds and seeds, and avoid eggs and dairy products.
Spiritual type – he is recommended to eat raw fruits and cereals, lots of vegetables and less salad.
From the nutritional and physiological point of view, this form of diet, with its varied menu, is quite suitable for covering the needs for nutrients and vital substances. Just separating the sources of protein and carbohydrates is incomprehensible and it is recommended to refuse the recommended diet of infants with diluted goat’s or cow’s milk instead of breast milk, because that can lead to serious symptoms of deficiency.