Atherosclerosis is a disease in which fat deposits are deposited on the inner sides of the walls of blood vessels, which creates the conditions for the appearance of several diseases. In that case, z, the probability of occurrence increases significantly, high blood pressure, myocardial infarction, stroke, glandular dysfunction with internal secretion, and the disruption of many functions of the organism. Therefore, it is necessary to take care of this problem and, with a proper lifestyle and occasional control of blood fat levels, prevent unwanted consequences that may occur.
It is essential to take care of your diet. It is best to eat more often but in smaller amounts. Five to six times a day to maintain a constant level of insulin in the blood, which, in addition to sugar metabolism, also affects fat metabolism, i.e., deposition of fat in the body. In the body, sudden changes in sugar levels in the body lead to a reaction of the body, which results in additional deposition of fat in the blood vessels and the body.
Three main meals are recommended (breakfast, lunch, and dinner), while the rest should be of the snack type (the best fruits with a low sugar content – apples, kiwis, etc.). In the diet, it is necessary to reduce to a minimum the presence of animal fats, simple carbohydrates (sugar, white flour, sweets …), and table salts (from 3 to 5 grams per day – a flat teaspoon).
It is desirable, instead of animal fats, to use vegetable fats (cold-pressed oil, ideally olive oil) in the diet, as much as possible foods rich in dietary fiber (fruits – apples, peaches, plums … vegetables – green beans, zucchini, cabbage, tomato, paprika … whole grains – oat and rye flakes, unglazed rice, whole grain bread …), natural juices (without added sugar), as well as seafood (fish that is rich in omega3 fatty acids, which affects to cleanse and strengthen blood vessels – e.g., salmon, mackerel, herring; and inclusion in the diet of algae such as kelp). Do not go to bed with a full stomach (light meal at least 2-3 hours before bedtime). Also, you should take vitamins E (in the prescribed amount), C, B 6, magnesium, potassium, iodine, zinc.
Overweight people are advised to reduce their weight by a low-calorie diet (with the number of calories that is individual, i.e., depends on physical, mental, and other daily activities) and adapted physical activities (sports or some recreation – walking, running, swimming, driving bicycles … which would increase calorie consumption).
It is necessary to reduce alcohol consumption to a minimum.
Smoking is strictly forbidden because tobacco smoke contains harmful substances that affect the narrowing of blood vessels, which additionally increases, in a large percentage, the risk of developing a whole range of diseases and disorders in the functioning of the organism. Daily fluid intake 2.5 liters per day rent
Fatty liver (steatosis)
Liver is an organ whose one role is to process fat from food into forms that can be stored and used in the body. Fatty liver is a disorder in which there is an accumulation of neutral fats (triglycerides – one of the forms of fat used to obtain energy and create new cells) within the liver cells due to impaired fat breakdown. Training, due to this, the liver is slight to moderately enlarged. The term steatosis is often used for this liver disorder.
The disease is considered to exist when the accumulated fat in the liver cells exceeds 5% of this organ’s mass, which is considered a normal value. The disorder can be temporary or long-lasting. This condition, fatty liver, can often indicate a disorder in the organism’s functioning. If it is neglected and not treated, it can be considered a risk factor in developing other diseases. It can often go undetected for a long time. In the most severe cases, the liver can be enlarged up to three times when it is painful and sensitive to touch.
– frequent and excessive alcohol consumption,
– overweight (obesity),
– insufficient body weight (malnutrition),
– diabetes (diabetes),
– exposure to chemicals,
– excessive use of drugs (corticosteroids, etc.),
– diet with insufficient protein intake,
– metabolic disorders,
– enzyme deficiency.
Introduce several smaller meals a day (do not fill the stomach).
Eliminate white bread and white flour products (white flour pasta, etc.) from your diet. Eat whole-grain bread (integral) and preferably bajaj (not to be completely tax) and the same pasta. Instead of white (glazed) rice, eat integral (brown) rice. Egg yolks, cured meats, and red meat completely discard. From the meat, eat only white turkey and chicken meat and lean types of fish. Consume low-fat yogurt and whey. You should not eat fried and highly spicy foods. Save the intentions by cooking, steaming, and as little oil as possible (primarily olive oil), and season them with a minimal amount of salt and herbs. From vegetables, avoid legumes and onions, and garlic (onions contain large amounts of essential oils). Avoid consuming white sugar and sweets (confectionery), coffee as much as possible while eliminating alcohol and carbonated juices. Never go to bed with a full stomach.
Light physical activity for 25 minutes a day is extremely beneficial (walking, cycling, or any other form of appropriate recreation). If there is a problem of overweight, it is desirable to solve it. Daily fluid intake 2.5 liters per day
Arterial hypertension including hypertension and symptomatic arterial hypertension, high blood pressure
As the first measure in combating and treating hypertension, an adequate diet is implied. This includes the following:
- Adequate caloric intake (depending on daily activities);
- Food should be rich in dietary fiber (unglazed rice, whole grain products, green beans, zucchini, cabbage, carrots, beans, etc.);
- It is advisable to consume food that contains larger amounts of vitamins C, P, B groups, nicotinic acid, potassium, omega3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (fish and fish oil), magnesium, and all necessary vitamins and minerals;
- Use lean types of meat (skinless or grilled chicken or turkey white meat, lean types of fish, lean veal);
- It is necessary to limit the amount of salt (up to 3-5 g per day – approximately one equal teaspoon). In case of worsening of the disease (during that time), it is desirable to eliminate it from the diet because sodium binds water, retains it in the body, and suppresses the increase in blood pressure. In the diet, be aware, to a minimum, of animal fats and saturated fatty acids.
- It is desirable to have several smaller meals in the diet. Optimal is 5 meals a day (3 main – breakfast, lunch, dinner, and 2 snacks). The last meal should be at least 3 feet before bedtime. Once in 7-10 days, fasting is recommended.
If there is a problem of excess weight, solving that problem has a very positive effect on reducing hypertension and mitigating its consequences. Reduce alcohol consumption to a minimum. It is also advisable to throw cigarettes out of use because smoking narrows blood vessels and worsens them. Recreational physical activity is advised (swimming, walking, cycling, moderate sports …).
Varicose veins (varicose disease, varicose veins)
Unlike arteries that carry blood rich in oxygen and nutrients veins, they carry oxygen-poor blood back to the heart. By working the leg muscles from the lower parts of the body, the blood is pumped back to the heart. Veins have valves that prevent the blood from coming back. When the blood vessels’ walls, and thus these valves, weaken, the blood returns to the lower parts vein where it settles. This disorder is called venous insufficiency. The blood thus collected causes varicose veins. In that case, veins often look like ropes, densely winding and bumpy. They often develop on tissue surfaces but can also be internal. They most often appear on the leaves or the inside of the legs.
Factors influencing the occurrence of varicose veins can be: occurrence with age, if someone in the family suffers from varicose veins, during pregnancy due to an increase in the amount of blood flowing through the veins, overweight, injuries, long-standing (or working conditions or heavy load on the legs), excessive sun exposure, hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy or menopause.
Varicose veins usually increase further over time, and the condition worsens. Distinctly varicose veins can lead to health problems such as:
- Distinctive venous insufficiency resulting in a slower return of blood from the legs to the heart. This condition can lead to blood clots (thrombi) and infections. Clots can be very dangerous because they can move and reach the veins of the lungs or heart, where they can clog blood vessels and lead to a life-threatening condition;
- The occurrence of wounds or ulceration of tissues and skin around varicose veins;
- Frequent irritation, swelling, and a painful rash around swollen veins.
For the problem not to occur or if it already exists, it is necessary to adjust the way of life, as much as possible, to certain requirements.
- Avoid excessive standing or sitting. If you stand for a long time, occasionally rest while sitting or change the load from one leg to the other. If you sit for a long time, it is necessary to take occasional walks to improve circulation. Avoid crossing your legs. During the day, it is desirable to provide rest for the legs so that they are at the heart level,
- strengthen leg muscles with appropriate exercises,
- take care of being overweight,
- A diet low in animal protein, animal fat, processed carbohydrates (simple sugars, white flour) is recommended. Include fish, fruits, and vegetables (preferably fresh), as much dietary fiber in the diet, vitamin C, rutin, bioflavonoids,
- wear appropriate clothing and footwear that must not tighten and put pressure on the body, especially on problem areas,
- constipation prophylaxis.
Regulating digestion and cleansing the body.
The gastrointestinal tract has numerous functions in the body that ensure the whole organism’s optimal and efficient functioning. Food that goes through digestive organs is the basic energy source for every cell in the body. Disturbed digestion process and food absorption result in a disruption of all cells’ nutrition and organs in the body. The quality digestion process and the absorption of nutrients are affected by the gastrointestinal tract’s general condition (e.g., inflammatory processes, etc.). A widespread problem is solid chairs and prison ( constipation, constipation ).
In the medical sense, constipation ( constipation, prison ) is considered when intestines empty less than 3 times a week, although it should be a daily process. In this case, harmful and toxic substances that return to the body will not accumulate the organism absorbed through the intestinal wall. His organism forms unnecessary masses created in the intestines and expelled in the bowel emptying process.
If these masses, which contain indigestible food elements, toxic substances, harmful products of the body’s work, etc. they are not expelled from the body in time, the process of putrefaction begins in the intestines, which is a suitable environment for pathogenic organisms (bacteria, fungi, worms). Normal flora is dying out, and its place is taken by pathogenic flora. The process of putrefac and the pathogenic f create new toxins and substances in the intestines that are toxic to the organism. Then all the toxic substances are absorbed through the intestine walls into the body. Thus, the organism, in fact, poisons itself, manifesting as headaches, mild fatigue, decreased immunity, etc. Unpleasant feelings of bloating, discomfort, heaviness appear in the stomach.
The most common causes of constipation are:
– Improper diet, when there is not enough fruit and vegetables, whole grains, but too much food of animal origin is consumed. The plant fibers in fruits and vegetables give a softer texture to the stool and prevent hard, dry stools, which are difficult to pass through the intestines.
One of the reasons may be insufficient fluid intake in the body because it reaches the intestines, making the stool softer. The minimum required amount of fluid (teas, juices, water, even soups, and broths) that the body needs for normal functioning is 2.5 liters. It should be considered that carbonated juices, coffee, and alcohol have a dehydrating effect on the body.
– static lifestyle (insufficient movement) affects the occurrence of constipation.
– synthetic drugs can cause constipation, especially painkillers (analgesics), drugs for high blood pressure, antacids, antidepressants, etc.
– chronic diseases of the intestine, endocrine system, nervous system, etc., can cause constipation.
Pneumonia ( inflammation lungs ) is the respiratory system’s most severe inflammatory disease. It can be said to be a prevalent disease. On average, each of us gets sick at least once during life.
Pneumonia ( inflammation lungs ) is an expression that represents acute pneumonia tissues. Numerous microorganisms can cause it, so there are several types of pneumonia. In addition to the causes themselves, i.e., pathogen and specific resistance of the organism (state of the immune system) is crucial for the occurrence of inflammation, the clinical picture, and course of the disease, and the manner and duration of treatment and therapy itself. The disease’s characteristics are cough, difficulty breathing, faster fatigue, chest pains and stabs, fever. The temperature does not have to be very high, but often hidden, i.e., slightly elevated above 37 0 C. Primary pneumonia is the onset of a disease in a previously healthy person, without previously known factors or causative agents contribute to the onset of the disease. Secondary pneumonia ( inflammation lungs ) occurs in people with known or newly discovered causes or risk factors (chronic lung disease and heart, diabetes, malignant tumors, etc.).
Pneumonia (pneumonia) in the elderly
Pneumonia (pneumonia) is the most common and severe disease in the elderly. Due to complications caused by a general weakening of immunity, it can be fatal (it is the sixth leading cause of death). In addition to weakening the defense mechanisms, there are often other factors in the elderly that contribute to the development and more severe clinical picture—pneumonia (chronic diseases of the heart, kidneys, liver, atherosclerosis, diabetes, etc.). The risk of occurrence pneumonia is significantly increased in the winter months at the time of the outbreak or epidemic of influenza and other viral infections that often precede pneumonia.
In the first days of the disease, if there are a high temperature and strong intoxication, the energy value of food is reduced to 1600 – 1800 kcal per day. Food is taken in small portions 6-7 times a day. In general, fruits and vegetables, milk, yogurt, soups, porridges, etc., are recommended. When the condition improves, the daily caloric intake increases to 2100 – 2300 kcal. It is recommended to use lean meat, fish, cheese, eggs, vegetables, fruits in the diet. It is advisable to take food rich in vitamin B (meat, fish, yeast, wheat germ), vitamins C, P (rosehip, black currant, lemon), and vitamin A (carrot). Reduce salt consumption to 6-7 g. daily (flat teaspoon). Exclude consuming too cold or hot drinks and meals, winter, spicy and spicy foods.