Depression and axiosity and cause

Depression and axioms are on the rise around the world. Bad mood, lack of confidence, melancholy, frequent crying, sleep disturbance, poor concentration as symptoms that manifest for at least two weeks in a row are a sure sign for the diagnosis of depression.

Depression belongs to disorders characterized as mood disorders (unipolar disorder). A depressed mood is characterized by withdrawal.

Depression cause

depression depression

In countless cases of one of these two diseases, the condition worsened due to the patients’ food consumed. Individuals who consumed healthy, uncooked food, fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and other nutrients in this form noticed a significant improvement in their condition. You should emphasize that some very severe symptoms of the above diseases are caused by consuming a certain food type.

Food allergies are one of the safe preconditions for the onset of depression. Food allergies are limited by contacting a doctor who is an allergy specialist or stop eating the food we use most often. Discontinuation of certain foods is prolonged for 21 days, and if the symptoms of allergy disappear, it can be determined with a high probability that the cause of allergies is food.

Food allergies can also cause numerous diseases such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, depression, autism, and many other intellectual illnesses. This sensitivity of the organism to food can even lead to inflammation of the brain due to an allergic reaction. One of the most common causes of allergies is dairy products. Food allergies can also trigger migraines.

Diet and depression

Sugar, white poison, is considered very bad when consumed often and in the long run. Sugar is one of the main causes of depression.

The use of an increased amount of trans fatty acids increases this compound’s deposition on the cell walls. If a sufficiently thick sheath of trans fatty acids is created around the cells, changes and great damage can occur in the body because oxygen and insulin do not have the ability to penetrate the cell inside in sufficient quantities. If many cells enter this condition, they may develop insulin envy diabetes mellitus. The most common trans fatty acids that cause this disease are peanuts, margarine, fried foods.

Trans fatty acids prevent the assimilation of essential fatty acids. Since omega 3 and essential fatty acids are the leading dietary support for those suffering from depression or anxiety, You should emphasize their influence on reducing trans fatty acids in the human body. Your brain contains 60 percent fat, and its needs for omega 3 fatty acids are very high. Research teams have found relationships between a bad mood and deficient concentrations of omega 3 fatty acids in the body.

Omega 3 and essential fatty acids control intellectual problems as they increase brain cell receptors’ ability to realize signals associated with temperament and some other brain reactions. These brain processes can be one of the conditions under which they occur depression and animosity.

The following ingredients contain a high concentration of omega 3 fatty acids and essential fatty acids: flaxseed oil, fish oil, walnuts, and spirulina.

Heavy metals

Heavy metals such as mercury and aluminum are also conditions under which depression occurs animosity. Heavy metals have also been identified as one of the causes of autoimmune diseases, such as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. If someone is facing intellectual difficulties, it would be good to replace all pans, pots, and cutlery made of aluminum. Aluminum binds to chlorine which contains tap water, is taken into the body, and harms the human body. It would help if you also examined the level of mercury in the blood. If it is increased, You should increase fish intake for the organism to be cleansed of this heavy metal.

Excitotoxins are elements, mainly amino acids, that excite taste receptors on the tongue. These are substances that are flavorings and food additives. When found in the brain, these compounds cause brain cells to become so motivated to cause DNA disorders. One of these compounds is aspartame, and its side effects are as follows: migraine, nervousness, animosity, feelings of hopelessness, dementia, bipolar behavior, brain malignancy, Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and more.

Some examples of excitotoxins are:


The most important cause of depression in most countries is aspartame. This excitotoxin motivates brain cells far from normal. This motivation can cause brain cell death. Sugar-free foods may contain aspartame. Some people consume aspartame to maintain their body weight and be slim, and they are not even aware that this is one of the factors under which depression occurs.

Sodium glutamate is a hydrolyzed plant protein. This beast is a supplement to almost every food that is garbage for our body. This compound is hazardous and is considered one of the main causes of depression.

Medicinal preparations that help people suffering from depression are vitamin B3, niacin, vitamin b6, vitamin b9, folic acid, vitamin b12, cobalamin, tryptophan amino acid, omega 3.

Autism – a tragedy of 21st century children

Autism is a disease that develops in early childhood and is often seen in children as young as three years old. This disease affects sociability and communication, the behavior of a person suffering from autism.

Diagnosis, misunderstanding of the environment, few experts and specialized institutions, are just some of the problems of people with autism and their families. On the International Day of Persons with Autism, doctors warn that the disease is taking on epidemic proportions .

Due to the growing number of children with autism, this disease is called the tragedy of children 21. century.

World statistics say that in the world, people with autism make up one percent of the population. It is known that about five million of them live with that disease in Europe alone. There are no precise data in Serbia, but it is assumed that there are about three thousand of them.

Autism symptoms

Children who show symptoms characteristic of autism do not communicate and enjoy themselves in the same way as completely healthy children their age. Although the causes of autism are numerous and varied, you can establish with certainty that the universal type of occurrence in various cultural and social groups has been growing significantly in the last 30 years. The data show that boys are more susceptible to this disease than girls and that most cases are hereditary.

The symptoms of autism are due to the high concentration of microbes, but they are not so much pronounced due to their presence due to the release of a large number of micro toxins into the bloodstream. Micro toxins increase the organism’s acidity and are manifested by certain reactions in the brain.

One of the common causes of autism is parasites found in the colon and liver.

Autism is associated with the mother’s infections by rubella virus, cytomegalovirus, clostridium virus so that the embryo itself becomes infected with this disease. When a baby is born, there are errors in its development, and these viruses remain in the intestines of the newborn.

Causes of autism

It seems that no other cause of autism has been recognized in us or our environment. However, the following factors seem to play a significant role: GMO foods, microbes, vaccines – not as a result of immunization but due to mercury content, environmental toxins, aspartame, monosodium glutamate (if used by pregnant women), chemicals in cosmetics (when used by pregnant women) ), certain proteins that are present in cow’s milk from cereals that cows are fed, soy milk that very young children consume (because it causes an excess of minerals).

Sources classifying autism cases have confirmed that genetically modified food has been the cause of several cases. This food has caused changes in children’s bodies at the DNA level. The onset of autism from GMOs is defined as the intake of these foods in the form of nutrients needed by the body for the development and normal functioning genetically modified.

Microbes and autism

bacterial microorganisms

For unknown reasons, the following microbes can be found in the body of autistic children at very high levels:

The rubella virus (the development and division of this virus usually begin in the mouth and throat).

Cytomegalovirus is very often present in the body of people with autism.

Borrelia burgdorferi microbe (the cause of Lyme disease) can also be associated with autism, especially if the child’s mother is infected with the virus. These microbes are transmitted during pregnancy. Infections with this microbe can cause instability of the baby’s immune system during the embryo’s development in the mother’s womb.

You can find various types of Clostridium bacteria in the intestines.

Conventional medicine and autism

Those who have researched the sources of autism claim that vaccines are also one of the causes. MMR vaccines have not been used since the late 1990s and represent a debatable case. This is a composite vaccine that creates the organism’s immunity against smallpox, mumps, and rubella. This vaccine contains a weakened form of smallpox, mumps, and rubella and creates the body’s resistance to these diseases.

Conventional medicine has no prejudices and is subject to the theory of biology. Due to some compounds and organisms, there is a possibility of developing autism in young children, which is confirmed by conventional medicine as follows: viruses, yeast, fungi, mold, and bacteria.

In the viral structure, these organisms can very well and easily undergo selective secretion during the formation of vaccines that do not aim at harmful bacteria in the body.  In terms of the organism’s immunization, MMR vaccines keep a certain type of virus alive in an aluminum solution and live, creating a terrible effect on the organism with these metals. These viruses can also remain in a child’s intestines, leading to certain forms of autism and toxins.

Autism in Serbia

Vesna Trajković has been battling the illness of her son Uroš for 13 years.

“The first encounter with autism was when Uroš was born, and what is very important is that early diagnosis, work with the family. We, unfortunately, skipped that. We got the right diagnosis around the age of five, and around the second year, it was clear to us what it was about, “says Vesna.

Autism is one of the most serious neurodevelopmental disorders in children. It is incurable, and all symptoms appear by the third year of life.

Neuropsychiatrist Dr. Mila Selaković points out that early diagnosis and early intervention are of exceptional importance.

“The world’s situation now is such that autism is called the tragedy of children 21. century because it is simply the number of children, new children with autism go as if it were an epidemic “, says Dr. Selaković.

In most cases, parents have a hard time dealing with the disease’s problems! They are most worried about the future of children.

“Our biggest fears are what at the moment when we can no longer take care of our children, because what is happening now. What everyone is silent about is happening. That is reality. At the moment when something happens to the parent from the Center for Accommodation and Day Care of Children with Developmental Disabilities, they are forwarded to the Center for Social Work, and the children are placed in Kuline, Stamnice, Veternik “, notes Vesna Trajković.

That is why, they believe, the construction of the Autism Center in Denko’s Garden is important, which has been waiting for two years. It could house 30 to 40 people. An outpatient clinic is also planned, where parents would receive all the information.

Dr. Mila Selaković explains that it got stuck at the Ministry of Planning and Urbanism at the republic level.

“A general urban plan was awaited at that position. That was the real reason. We hope that there will be no obstacles in further actions “, says Dr. Sleaković.

Serbia currently has only one Autism Hospital in Belgrade, which accommodates 45 people under 26. The fact that more than 1,200 people with autism in the capital alone speaks for itself, and that number is constantly increasing.

Treatment of autism

One of the possible cures for autism and some other brain disorders, since many brain disorders have very similar sources, is long-term therapy for the disorder’s cause. You can achieve a lot with nutrition treatments such as reducing sugar intake and eliminating synthetic compounds in food. Mineral supplements can remove excess toxins from the large intestine caused by mercury and aluminum.

Accepted treatments in the treatment of autism are supported in the child’s development, various forms of therapy, and dietary treatments.

Hormonal imbalance – Chronic stress is the most common cause of health problems

“If you really knew what was happening to you when you were under stress, you would totally go crazy. Then some horrible things happen “- this is my statement during a scientific conference, and I was not joking when I said this. I can write several books on how stress causes massive chaotic reactions in your body.

If you want to avoid stress, you were born at the wrong time. Chronic stress has become an epidemic in a society where the faster, the better we try to pack too many responsibilities into our schedule.

Hormones and stress

hormonal imbalance and stress

In all this chaos, one analysis involving 300 studies proved that chronic stress could harm your immune system. And that’s not all,  because a large dose of stress makes you fatter and affects the development of diabetes.

Scientists have known for a long time that stress causes higher blood sugar levels and also increases obesity. When the body is under chronic stress, insulin levels rise. This condition leads to metabolic dysfunction, which increases body weight. Over time, the body becomes resistant to insulin and, of course, diabetes.

When you are under stress, your adrenal gland releases hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol that overwhelm your body, increase your heart rate, increase blood pressure, increase blood density, and create blood clots, creating damage to the brain memory center increasing body weight. And generally creating chaos in your body.

Food and hormonal disbalance

food for the thyroid gland

This hormonal imbalance, as we see, creates negative consequences. For example, you stop to drink coffee in your favorite cafe on the way to work. Frozen in front of millions of requests and traffic jams, you realize that you haven’t had breakfast at all. You order a donut with coffee.

Looking at breakfast’s seemingly harmless situation, caffeine from coffee increases catecholamines, stress hormones. In response to stress, the body produces cortisol, which together with sugar increases insulin. Insulin increases inflammation, and this affects the complete condition of your body. Donut sugar increases cortisol and adrenaline, stress hormones. Sugar literally creates an explosion of stress hormones even though you are not under stress.

There is a good chance that he will continue to consume this type of food during the day. In that way, perfect conditions are created for hormonal imbalance, which leaves behind fatigue, unhappiness, and large fat deposits.

The right diet can reduce the impact of stress on your life and your body. When you eat whole, real food, you return the body’s resistance to insulin, cortisol, and other hormones to normal.

When you cleanse your diet of foods, you are addicted to, such as caffeine, alcohol, sugar derivatives, and regularly eat healthy foods to avoid short-term hunger stress, you will be able to maintain your body in a lower daily dose of stress.

If you replace this food with pure proteins, healthy fats, leafy vegetables, berries with many grains, and less gluten, you feel much better. Food is information that controls the expansion of genes, hormones, and metabolism. When you eat the right foods, you regulate your blood sugar level, restore balance to the hormonal system and reduce stress-induced damage.

Source stress

Stress is a real threat, although it is not real and tangible. If so, we should have complete control over stress because it does not happen outside, but it is inside us.

The definition of stress is as follows:

 “Stress  is a set of non-specific reactions of the human body to harmful factors from the work and living environment. Harmful factors from the human environment activate  adaptation mechanism  in the body to organism  protected by balancing the environment. “

Things get even more interesting here.  You can imagine your husband being mad at you. Regardless of other circumstances, your stress level will rise. However it works, the body creates a certain body response to certain external information.

Most people, when they focus on my life and analyze it, think I’m crazy and always ask me why I’m not stressed even though I’m constantly surrounded by dissatisfied people, even though I run a massive research campaign in various scientific fields, even though I’m opening a new clinical center. I am under constant obligations when procuring new means of work and discovering new technologies and treatment preparations. However, I am involved in improving health policy in our country and practical work with people and father, son, brother, partner, friend, boss, and many other roles in his life. The answer is actually straightforward. Don’t worry about things much. I wake up and do each new task the best I can.

Causes of the presence of stress

stress relief meditation

I manage these responsible responsibilities that I have listed with several techniques that help me get rid of stress. Among them, these 12 are my favorites.

1. Lack of magnesium, vitamin b12, increased mercury and aluminum levels, and gluten allergy can directly affect stress levels. By changing habits, you can change the state of your mind.

2. People are burdened to do something all the time. Even though you are not working, your mind is still functioning. Learn how to rest actively. To rest the powerful forces of mind and body, you must do something relaxing. You can sit and watch TV or read a book. You can breathe deeply or take a leisurely walk. It is important to find the type of relaxation that suits you.

3. Learn new skills such as yoga or progressive muscle relaxation, take a bath, make love, go for a massage, watch the sunset or take a walk in the woods or on the beach.

4. Exercise is a powerful, proven way to burn and flush stress chemicals out of your body and calm your mind. Studies have shown that exercise achieves much more than some medications to cure depression. Try workouts with strong intensity if you have little time and want a good result.

5. Take multivitamins and dietary supplements to help your body, vitamin c, b complex, zinc, magnesium.

6. Take various herbs such as Siberian ginseng, cordyceps, ashwagandha.

7. Use a steam bath or sauna to help your body get rid of toxins and relieve stress.

8. Examine your reactions and behaviors, responses in certain situations, and adjust to reduce stress.

9. Continuously build a network of friends and your harmonious community. You will need many allies to establish your harmonious balance.

10. Most of us have shortness of breath. Deep and slow breathing has a profound effect on reducing the body’s response to stress because the relaxation nerve passes through the diaphragm and is activated when you take a deep breath. Take a deep breath now and see how you feel different the next moment.

11. Meditate with exercises that suit you.

12. Get enough sleep because lack of sleep increases stress hormones.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ALS

A motor neuron is a nerve cell that serves to transmit information between the nervous system and muscles in the body. There is an upper and a lower motor neuron. The upper is located in the brain, and the lower in the spinal cord. When you want to make a movement (eg grab a glass) then a command is transmitted via the upper motor neuron in the brain to the lower motor neuron in the spinal cord which in turn transmits the command to the group of arm muscles involved in that action.

In ALS, the upper and lower motor neurons fail, leading to a weaker and then to a cessation of transmission between the brain and the voluntary muscles. There is a deterioration of the muscles that atrophy (disappear), weaken and there is the appearance of fasciculations (the feeling of muscle vibration under the skin). The disease is more common in men and most often occurs between 40. and 70. that year although it can occur in any age group.

Symptoms of the disease

The disease’s characteristic is that all the muscles in the body can be affected so that in addition to the muscles of the arms and legs, the muscles that participate in speech, chewing, swallowing, and breathing are also weakened. The ability to reason, think, look, feel, taste, smell, and hear, and the sense of emptying the bladder and intestines remain intact.

The disease begins slowly with a mild muscle group weakness and gradually affects others. It usually begins with weakness in the arms, legs and eventually spreads to speech, swallowing, and breathing. Less commonly, it can begin with swallowing and speech disorders called bulbar symptoms. As the disease progresses, the muscles’ weakness increases, and eventually, they become completely taken away.

Symptoms of ALS can be:

  • weakness in the arms or legs (e.g., clumsiness occurs, difficulty in buttoning, tying shoes, turning a key in a lock, cutting, getting out of bed, washing, etc.).
  • speech problems (speech is quieter and slurred, speech “through the nose,” difficulty in pronouncing longer words and sentences, slurred)
  • disturbances in chewing and swallowing first some food, and finally every form of food and saliva
  • at the end of the respiratory disturbance, which is why they must be connected to artificial ventilation apparatus

The last stage occurs on average within 3-5 years from the disease’s onset, although some patients survive for up to ten years. The cause of death is mainly complications of the most common infection, such as pneumonia.

The cause of ALS is unknown. In 90% of cases, it occurs sporadically, while about 10% occur as a hereditary form. In 20% of hereditary cases, a change was found in enzyme one gene (SOD1). Science is still looking for other gene changes that could play a role in ALS onset.

In sporadic cases, it is thought that the cause could be in the increased activity of glutamate (a substance in the nervous system, a type of neurotransmitter, a transmitter) that nerve cells use to transmit signals. Patients with ALS have too much glutamate, which can cause nerve cell death. Other possible causes, such as viruses, environmental toxins, and others, are also under investigation.

Diagnostic tests

ALS is a disease that is difficult to diagnose at first. There is no single test that can make a safe diagnosis, and it is necessary to do more tests and rule out other similar diseases.

In addition to the neurological examination, they are made depending on the clinical picture:

  • EMNG – a method that examines the electrical activity in muscles and nerve conduction
  • MR of the brain and spinal cord
  • laboratory blood tests and urine, cerebrospinal fluid, etc.
  • sometimes a muscle biopsy

ALS therapy

Unfortunately, ALS therapy does not yet exist. The only drug I have approved so far is RILUZOL (RILUTEK), which is believed to slow down the development of the disease and prolong the patient’s life for a shorter time (approximately three months). It works by reducing the level of glutamate in the nervous system. It does not affect mortality, i.e., there is no difference in the number of deaths in patients taking Rilutek and those who did not. It must not be given to liver disease patients, and patients taking it must constantly monitor liver function via liver enzymes (AST, ALT, and GGT).

Other medicines used in people with ALS help relieve certain symptoms such as stiffness in the arms and legs (Baclofen-Lioresal), irregular stools, severe salivation (difficulty swallowing) of saliva that cannot be swallowed), pain, depression etc.
Milder physical therapy is also useful in exercises to preserve strength and mobility in muscles and joints.

Speech exercises in which speech techniques are learned for easier pronunciation and comprehension. Afterward, patients who are no longer able to speak can use a personal computer and thus communicate.

As the disease progresses, respiratory problems occur, so it is necessary to facilitate breathing with an oxygen mask and an apparatus for blowing air into the lungs. Finally, it is necessary to connect to a respirator (breathing apparatus).

Dietary recommendations

Many ingredients added to food products today, whether used in processing or in improving the taste and appearance of food, are known to be neurotoxic, and some foods are believed to be neuroprotective.


1. eliminate all processed foods from your diet and foods containing artificial colors, additives, artificial flavors, artificial sweeteners, and preservatives.

One of the most dangerous food supplements is glutamate because patients with ALS already have elevated levels of glutamate in their bodies. Namely, there is a difference between natural glutamic acid, which is found in natural, unprocessed food and necessary for the functioning of the human body, and artificially obtained glutamic acid, which is neurotoxic.

In short, any semi-finished or finished food product most likely contains glutamate, which includes ready-made food additives, ready-made soups, soup cubes, gelatin, ultra-pasteurized dairy products, sauces, and ready-made salad dressings, and so on.

2. avoid Aspartate – artificial sweetener and, like other artificial sweeteners, should be eliminated from the diet

3. throw out gluten-containing foods (a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye)
Foods that do NOT contain gluten are rye, buckwheat, soy, potatoes, and corn, and this is allowed.

4. throw out dairy products since they contain glutamate due to the process of “ultra pasteurization” when milk is subjected to high temperatures.

5. throw out the sugar (replacement Xylitol recommended)

In short, eat as many fresh fruits, vegetables, meat, and eggs from organic farming, fish in moderation, potatoes, corn, soy, rye, buckwheat, oils rich in omega 3 and 9 such as olive oil, sesame oil, seeds, hazelnuts, almonds, walnuts (not peanuts). Prepare freshly cooked food without ready-made food additives. Eat less and more often.


ALS is a severe and fatal disease. With a good knowledge of the course of the disease, possible complications, and opportunities provided in helping to treat at home, it is possible to facilitate treatment and prepare for the difficulties that follow and affect the patient and his family.

Nervous system and diseases of the nervous system

The nervous system enables a person to get to know the outside world and, at the same time, to get acquainted with the events in the organism itself. This system gives motor strength to all muscles, controls all glands’ work, and enables the expression of will, feelings, and other mental actions. The nervous system is divided into central (middle), peripheral and autonomic systems.

The central nervous system (CNS) comprises central organs: cerebellum and cerebellum, medulla oblongata, and spinal cord.

The peripheral nervous system consists of 12 pairs of cerebral and 31 pairs of spinal nerves.

The autonomic nervous system consists of a sympathetic and a parasympathetic part.

Nerve system

The nervous system has billions of nerve cells. The basic unit is a nerve cell – neuron. It consists of the body and its extensions (nerve fibers). Irritation of the nerve fiber at the site results in a physicochemical change that is rapidly transmitted through the nerve fiber. This process is similar to an electrical phenomenon called a nerve impulse. The organs work when a nerve impulse reaches them, e.g., muscles contract, glands secrete, etc. Nerve cell – the neuron is very sensitive and feeds through the blood. If a neuron runs out of blood for a few minutes, it collapses.

Nerves (nerves)

Nerves (nerves) are ribbon-shaped formations that consist of many nerve fibers. They connect the brain and spinal cord with other parts of the body.

Spinal cord

The spinal cord is a part of the CNS located in the spinal canal. It is a ribbon (rope) about 50cm long and about 10mm thick. It originates from 31 pairs of spinal or spinal nerves. Its role is to conduct impulses from the brain to the periphery of the body to enable certain reflex orders (which are performed without the will: emptying the bladder, small intestine, and some actions of the genitals). The medulla oblongata is the brain that extends from the spinal cord to the bridge. It is located in the spinal canal and cranial cavity. It has the shape of a fringed cup. It is only 2.5 cm long. It contains centers for managing the process of breathing, heartbeat, coughing, swallowing, vomiting, etc. It is sensitive to pressure, and strong pressure on the elongated brain can cause death.


The brainstem includes the midbrain, midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata.

The bridge is an extension of the brain above the medulla oblongata. The cerebellum is located in the cranial cavity, behind the bridge, and the medulla oblongata. The cerebellum maintains balance, distributes impulses in the muscles, and automatically regulates voluntary and semi-voluntary actions. The midbrain is located above the bridge. It houses the centers for hearing and sight.

The midbrain is located between the left and right hemispheres of the cerebrum and above the midbrain. Two egg formations – the thalamus, represent the lateral parts of the midbrain. The lower part is the hypothalamus, which contains the centers for regulating metabolism and blood pressure, and sexual functions.

The cerebrum is the most developed part of the CNS, weighing about 1350 g, divided into two parts (hemispheres): the left and right hemispheres. The surface of the hemisphere is wrinkled – cerebral gyri.

In terms of material, there are gray and white masses. The gray mass is made up of nerve cell bodies, and the white mass is made up of nerve cell extensions. Each hemisphere is surrounded by three membranes (meninges): the first is soft and twists blood vessels, the second is thin (arachnoid), and the third is firm (hard membrane). All three membranes descend into the spinal canal and envelop the spinal cord in the same way.

All brain chambers and the space between the soft and arachnoid membranes are filled with a clear liquid – the cerebrospinal fluid. The total amount of cerebrospinal fluid is 60-150 ml. It has the role of a water cushion that protects the brain and spinal cord from hard bone parts and the role of preventing the entry of harmful substances into the nervous tissue.

There are areas with certain functions in the cerebral cortex. These are the centers: motor – which allows the performance of voluntary movements and actions; sensitive – allows you to feel touch, pain, temperature; -sensory (sensory) nerves – in the cortex of the temporal lobe, there are centers for hearing, smell and taste. The center of vision is in the cortex of the occipital lobe. Injury to each lobe results in cessation of center function.

Basal ganglia

The basal ganglia (tail and lenticular nucleus) and other gray matter masses of the brain are a functional unit – the extrapyramidal system – which regulates automatic movements and muscle tone. Inflammation of the basal ganglia is known as Parkinson’s disease.

Peripheral nervous system

The peripheral nervous system consists of the cerebral and spinal nerves. From the brain come 12 pairs of nerves intended for the head and neck muscles and organs. From the spinal cord come 31 pairs of nerves for muscles, neck, trunk, and extremities.

Autonomic or vegetative nervous system

The autonomic or vegetative nervous system is the part of the nervous system that manages those functions of the human organism that are important for life and do not take place under our will’s influence. It consists of two parts:
• sympathetic
• parasympathetic.

Sympathetic nervous system (sympathetic)

The sympathetic nervous system (sympathetic nervous system) increases blood pressure, speeds up the heart’s work, increases metabolism, increases the level of sugar in the blood, dilates the pupils, and inhibits the work of the abdominal organs.

Parasympathetic nervous system (Parasympathetic)

Parasympathetic (parasympathetic nervous system) dilates blood vessels, lowers blood pressure, slows down the heart, improves the abdominal organs’ work, and slows down the metabolism. The sympathetic nervous system is stimulated by adrenaline produced by the adrenal gland and the parasympathetic nervous system by acetylcholine.

Damage to the nervous system results in damage to the organs whose work they manage. But there are also such brain damages that disrupt mental functions, the consequence of which is the appearance of mental illness.

The most common diseases of the nervous system are:

Stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases
Alzheimer’s disease
• Parkinson’s disease
• Headaches (migraine and other forms of headache)
• Multiple sclerosis
• Lumbosciatica
• Polyneuropathy
• Neuropathic pain
• Epilepsy
• Dizziness

Medicinal herbs in the treatment of diseases of the nervous system

herbs that help you

Medicinal herbs that have an impact on the functioning of the nervous system are odoljen, hops, lemon balm, mint, Oregano, selenium, mustard, St. John’s wort, lavender, rosemary, etc.

Recipe 1. Against insomnia

Mix 50 g of oleander and hops. Steam three tablespoons with 400 g of boiling water. Leave covered for 2 hours. Strain and drink 200 ml in the morning and 200 ml in the evening before bedtime.

Recipe 2. Nervous pain (neuralgia)

Mix 1 tablespoon of basil, marigold flowers, and two tablespoons of resisted roots. Pour in 600 ml of boiling water and leave covered for 2 hours. Strain and drink 200 ml before breakfast, lunch, and dinner.

Recipe 3. Wrap for sore spots

5 tablespoons finely grated horseradish root and 1 tablespoon finely chopped hot peppers, St. John’s wort, rosemary, and soap. Mix everything well and apply to the sore spot. Keep the dressings for 2 hours. Before applying the dressing, it is necessary to lubricate the sore spot with olive oil. After removing the coating, wipe the place with lukewarm water and coat it with olive oil.
For good sleep: One large spoon of honey taken before bed calms the nerves and speeds up sleep. It is also recommended to eat 1 apple before bed.

Recipe 4. Against headaches

Take 3 tablespoons of lemon balm and 1 tablespoon of goodies, dandelion root, and primrose leaf. Pour 1 liter of boiling water over everything. Leave covered for 2 hours. Strain and drink 200 ml of tea 3-4 times a day.

Haste in children and how to recognize it

We all know that haste and stuttering are closely related, and there is often confusion. Like stuttering, haste is a disorder of fluency (speech fluency), but they still differ in many ways.

Haste involves occasional “blockages” in speech, which can actually result from disorganized speech. This can mean that one speaks very quickly or that the person is actually insecure about what he or she wants to say.

Unlike stuttering, where a person actually knows what he wants to say but cannot utter it. It is known that stuttering often goes with haste and vice versa.

Hastiness syndrome can manifest itself in four basic communication activities: comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing.

Suppose we have a person who is being told something and thinks of something else. In that case, the person will not understand it, and this is a situation that happens to most of us. Still, if we also lack attention, there is a disturbance in understanding, which is regularly reflected in speech.

How to recognize haste?

haste in children

-very often, it is confusing and disorganized speech
-the awareness of one’s speech is limited
-occasionally “better speech” (fluent speech), when a person is warned to slow down a bit in speech or to pay more attention to speech (to control)
-so-called. “shortening” of words, especially those longer with consonant groups (e.g. “parking” shortened to “packing” …)
-Very incomprehensible speech
-family history-someone in the family or family or stutters or is hasty
-learning difficulties that are not the result of reduced intelligence or diagnosed dyslexia or dysgraphia
-often and untidy handwriting
-reduced attention, concentration, and very often hyperactivity
-difficulties with auditory perception (difficulty with capturing voices)

So, the basis of speech is disturbed, that is. Everything that represents larger wholes, organization: breathing, intonation, voice, rhythmicity and even accents, grammar. A hasty person often has an impoverished vocabulary regardless of the years he spent in school, does not understand, and does not use less frequent and more chosen words, especially those usually learned by reading.
He can have problems with the phonetically more complicated and rarer ones because he doesn’t remember your exact voice and syllabic structure. He invents new words, gives old ones a wrong or altered meaning. .It is also used with a lot of jokes and shouts.

Speech defects

At the time of starting school, parents and teachers usually begin to notice the speech defects of a child with haste and the consequent lag in mastering the technique of reading and writing. They begin to complain and punish the child. As one of the most noticeable symptoms of haste in speech is stuttering, repetition, and tripping, the little haste has often declared a stutterer.

If we are talking about the haste in childhood, it is usually a messy and restless but sympathetic, cheerful, and open child. Very difficult or not at all to accept the norms of the environment. He behaves naturally, disregarding essentially coercive rules. He eats when he is hungry, sleeps when he is sleepy, forgets to wash, puts on the usual clothing pieces. He finds it very difficult to fit in with children because he gets bored with every game to behave antisocially.

Usually, his speech is unacceptable, and he becomes the object of ridicule. He eats erratically, gets up from the table, does not listen to what is being said to him. At school, these are children who chatter, get up from the bench, walk around the classroom, causing general laughter, but they don’t do it because they are naughty or rude, but forget where they are and how they should behave. They forget homework, books and even a bag, not to mention all the possibilities provided by clothes and shoes. One shoe is brown, and the other is black, with socks on one foot and no on the other, instead of a school bag, my mother’s bag …

Deviations in communication skills

The environment and parents, in particular, find it easier to notice behavioral deviations in communication skills that come later. Objections and punishments begin. Parents and later teachers try to equate this so different individual with her peers. And a child can learn to sit, hold a fork and knife, be careful not to leave the house without pants. But these are all external things. You cannot control thoughts. Attention still wanders. One can sit, not listen so that the consequences are expressed precisely in speech and related activities and learning.

Haste is best recognized when a person reads, i.e., depending on other speech errors, the beginning of reading the text can be relatively good-the person initially concentrates on the text, but however the longer the reading lasts, the errors become more numerous because attention is shorter, and thinks something else. Then the person starts and then reads something well again, but all these moments are shorter, and when they come in the middle of reading the sentence, they still do not help him understand the text.
If these are more severe forms of haste, then he does not recognize all the letters even when we single them out, and when we give him the text to read guesses them, but not always. It often happens that he “reads by heart,” which means he guesses words, but not always. He may even happen to read approximately a good word — a well-read 2-3 syllables in a word, he further assumes.

People do not understand what they are reading.

It is basic for all hasty people not to understand what they have read, i.e., they cannot learn by reading. This is also the case with writing, i.e., a hasty person will show his chaos when writing and speech. you can best see this in writing a free composition because it will not have a logical sequence, i.e., “head and tail.” Sentences are short, and that otherwise, it looks like this- “I have a sister.
Today I’m going to the sea with my dad and everyone, but I won’t take the book. Marko took my car, he’s not my friend ….. “, and in fact, he started writing about his family. Spelling is not a strong side of hasty people either, i.e., they often write that they speak, and it doesn’t matter to them exactly how the words are grammatically spelled.

The handwriting is messy, disorganized, does not follow the lines on the paper, and sometimes if it is blank paper, they cannot orient themselves to the writing plane. Often their words move downwards, from small to larger letters, and difficult to understand.

It is difficult to distinguish graphically similar letters: ao, bdgp, mn, RV, Sz, ou … Then it often happens that teachers often confuse haste syndrome with dyslexia and dysgraphia, or even sometimes the child is characterized as lazy and uninterested, and then it is good to seek the help of a speech therapist to prevent such confusion.

What does “mess in the mind” mean?

problem in communication child

Basically, haste is a short-range of attention, and even that fluctuating attention, if you are not in a hurry to concentrate, is not very intense. Disorder in speech is a consequence of disorder in thought, but to recognize it, a disorder in thought must somehow manifest itself. While you can read emotions from the expression of a face, facial expression, or gesture, a disorder in the thoughts is manifested in work, speech, writing, behavior. It is most recognizable in speech and writing.

It is certain chaos, a rapid transition from one thought to another, insufficient restriction of the basic idea, the impossibility of elaborating the basic thought, strange associations that are equal in importance to the basic idea, the inability to concentrate essential, all transmitted orally.

What’s happening to the hawker?

He doesn’t seem to know what to say in advance. Breathing is not correct, so in a longer and more complicated sentence, there can be a so-called “respiratory” crisis (“wrong breathing”). However, this is not so common because, in hasty sentences, the sentences are mostly short. The structures are elementary. Within these short sentences, the melody is usually either monotonous or inadequate. It is effortless to feel that something does not “fit” in the speech in fast-paced people because the utterance sentence may sound questionable or even remain hanging intonation as if it is not completed.

In longer sentences, grammatical errors can occur because one has the impression that a person has forgotten something that was talked about, only then “chaos” comes to his head, and he looks for words or his words accumulate, or he tries to say two words at the same time. Leading to straightening, tripping, stuttering.

In the case of haste syndrome, we can often encounter difficulties in pronunciation (dyslalia), because in fact, the haste listens superficially, and his attention is fluctuating (scattered). Only superficial listening refers to listening to others, listening to oneself, and controlling the speech itself. This is especially important for the age of speech learning when auditory self-control is the primary control of speech. These are most often lexical dyslalia, astigmatism, and rotacism, but articulation can also be generally damaged due to superficiality. The excuse is such that the voices are barely recognizable, and it seems as if they are simply “sliding” over some.

If we connect this articulation with inadequate speech breathing, rhythm and tempo disorder, poor use of grammar, poor vocabulary, monotony, or wrong intonation. In the end, there is a stutter; we get a real picture of a quick-witted person. Most interesting in all this is that I can’t tell a real quick-witted person that he is very cheerful, he likes to speak, and there are no complexes because he is not aware of his speech.

A brief look at haste syndrome

In speech pathology, speaking that would correspond to the disorder of thought is called haste, and we also use English. Called “cluttering” or the old name “baptism” after the name of the legendary Libyan king Batharos whose way of speaking, according to the description, corresponded to haste.

The disorder’s basis is a short-range of attention, which is reflected in all activities. After concise attention to one activity, the hasty one begins to be interested in other things, forgets about the past activity, where he is, with whom, in what situation, he does not understand, that is, he does not notice that something is being said to him, that something is happening. He begins to act or speak, or both, but at odds with the situation.

Hastiness syndrome contains various forms of verbal and nonverbal behavior. It can manifest in speech in various ways, so the disorder has long been treated as a random sum of speech disorders in the same person, and as one of the most common symptoms is stuck in speech, it has often been considered stuttering.


-the child should be constantly warned to first think of what to say, to say the sentence to himself, and only then aloud
you should change-the child’s activity more often, and you should give new, acceptable tasks to him
-since their ability to remember is poorer, they should practice telling and retelling a story in which they should include as many details as possible.
-large breaks should be made between sentences so that the child has enough time to formulate a new thought
-singing as well as reciting contribute to slowing down speech and building the rhythm and melody that such a child lacks
-should focus on self-awareness because many hackers are unaware of their fast speech
-it is not enough to say “slow down,” but you should try to slow them down by tapping on syllables

Orthorexia – obsession with a healthy diet

When in 1997. Mr. Dr. Steven Bratman went from his native California to New York to work as a chef in the commune, never dreaming of becoming world-famous. In the commune, he was engaged in cooking and growing food for people who paid a lot of attention to proper nutrition. Over time, he noticed that their preoccupation with food became more difficult in everyday life. He gathered the findings in a book that soon became a bestseller in Health Food Junkies Overcoming The Obsession With Healthy Eating. He first mentioned the coin orthorexia from the Greek “orthos,” which means proper and “orexis” appetite. An orthorexic is a person obsessed with a healthy diet. These people feel guilty if they eat unhealthy foods such as, e.g., fast food or fast food.

Steven Bratman, MD, MPH

Steven Bratman, MD, MPH

At the same time, they are obsessed with avoiding pesticides, herbicides, GMO foods and try to buy only organic foods. Their view of food is often linked to the acceptance of a holistic approach to health, that is, the belief that our health is primarily determined by the quality of the food we eat. Orthorexia differs from anorexia in that the preoccupation of anorexics is slimline, and it does not matter whether it is achieved through a healthy diet or starvation. Orthorexia is found in vegans, vegetarians, and macrobiotics who are gradually beginning to give up an increasing number of foods to eat properly. The disorder can be discussed when the number of social contacts (lunches and dinners) decreases due to the narrowed choice of food.

What is Orthorexia neurosa


Orthorexia neurosa is not an eating disorder and does not develop due to low self-esteem levels. It usually starts unnoticed by throwing out unhealthy foods – such as snacks, sweets, and fizzy drinks, but in the meantime, the whole group of foods is thrown out.

Food becomes the main thing, and the menu is planned for a few days. Psychically, there is a feeling of superiority over people who eat “unhealthily.” There are also the first health problems of a restricted diet, such as a lack of vitamins and minerals, weakened bone structure, indigestion, and absence of menstruation.

Bratman’s orthorexia test


If you answer yes to more than four questions, you may have symptoms of orthorexia Nervosa.

1. Do you spend more than three hours a day thinking about healthy food?
2. Do you notice how you plan meals a few days in advance?
3. Is the meal’s nutritional value more important to you than enjoying the meal?
4. Has your quality of life decreased since your diet’s quality increased?
5. Have you become stricter about food choices lately?
6. Does eating healthy improve your self-esteem?
7. Have you given up the food you enjoyed to consume “real” food?
8. Make your eating habits cause you difficulty consuming food outside the home, distancing you from family and friends?
9. Do you ever feel guilty if you “deviate” from your rules here and there?
10. Do you feel complete peace and control over yourself if you eat healthily?


Dr. Bratman believes that obsessed with a healthy diet really has a problem and needs to be treated seriously, like anorexics and bulimics. “Orthorexia is often just a source of psychological distress, not a physical danger,” he adds. Orthorexia can lead to an eating disorder as the diet becomes more refined and from the point of view of parents or partners becomes similar to anorexia. And grows into an obsession.

“What to eat, how much and what are the consequences of improper diet, overtime is becoming an increasing part of the daily preoccupations of orthorexics,” says Bratman.

Whether orthorexia is just a term intended to fill the columns of women’s magazines or a legitimate medical condition, the fact is that certain dietary rules can govern the life of a person who insists on them to the extreme, and the consequences can be similar, as a person obsessed with a healthy diet would rather starve than eat something he is not sure is completely ‘clean’ and ‘correct.’