The immune system consists of many components that are in constant exchange with each other and protect the body from pathogens, parasites, toxins, and thus from diseases. We explain how the immune system works, how it is structured, how to measure it and how to strengthen it. A strong immune system can also be achieved with some natural methods and herbs such as tea. Immunity tea can help overcome various problems with the immune system.
The immune system protects against bacteria, viruses, toxins, but also against cancer
Our immune system protects us from the dangers that enter or form in our body on a daily basis – whether it’s bacteria , viruses, parasites, fungi, cancer cells, toxins or other foreign substances. Without the immune system we would be lost.
Therefore, people who do stem cell transplants for leukemia (blood cancer) have to live in isolation for a few weeks and receive antibiotics as a preventive measure. Because before stem cell transplantation, bone marrow cells are destroyed by high doses of chemotherapy. If these people came in contact with bacteria or other pathogens, they would become seriously ill and could die from the simple rhinitis virus.
The immune system is made up of many types of cells, organs and proteins
The human immune system consists not only of leukocytes, but also of different types of cells, organs, substances and enzymes. Due to that, the immune system is extremely complex and has not been fully researched yet.
Innate and acquired immune system
A distinction is made between the innate (pathogen-specific) and the acquired (pathogen-specific) immune system. They both work closely together.
Innate immune system
The innate immune system includes all the body’s defenses that are present from birth, e.g. barrier function of the skin, properties of tears in the eyes or mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, with the help of which pathogens and foreign substances can be coughed up.
But also numerous phagocytic cells are present from birth, as well as the ability to initiate inflammatory processes or the so-called complement system. The latter consists of more than 30 proteins that can fight microorganisms (bacteria, parasites, fungi). They are found free in the blood serum or bound to cells.
Acquired immune system
Acquired immune systems, in turn, develop over a lifetime. Therefore, it forms appropriate countermeasures and strategies for pathogens and foreign substances that arrive every day. Therefore, excessive hygiene and constant use of disinfectants are counterproductive. The body feels safe because it believes that there are hardly any pathogens left – and the immune system cannot “exercise” so it is not ready for a real attack from the outside.
The acquired immune system is fully developed and effective in the period around puberty. Only in old age does its effect decline again. However, the performance of the immune system can also deteriorate at a young or middle age, because many lifestyle factors can weaken the immune system, e.g. smoking, alcohol, stress, medication, sedentary lifestyle, pre-existing chronic diseases and poor diet. At the last point, it can be generally said that a lot of meat and sugar weakens the immune system, while a plant-rich diet rich in vital substances strengthens the immune system.
Immune system response: This is how the immune system works
How exactly does the immune system work? If a foreign substance or pathogen enters the body, immune reactions occur, which are generally called defensive or immune reactions and interconnect like gears in a mechanism, depend on each other and cooperate with each other.
When the pathogen enters the body for the first time, it takes up to 4 or even 7 days for the acquired immune system to make all the preparations to fight the pathogen. Until then, the innate immune system must do everything in its power to keep the pathogen under control. During that time, the person in question is ill. But as soon as the acquired immune system starts, the condition quickly improves.
If, after a few months or years, there is re-contact with the same pathogen, the immune system immediately remembers it and the acquired immune system can also rule out the pathogen. In general, people no longer notice this.
How teas can help the immune system
A cup of tea can be a real blessing, especially in the colder seasons: the smell, warmth and pleasant taste allow you to quickly forget cold and hazy thoughts.
But not only that: tea can also be a real boost for the immune system and thus protect against colds and other diseases.
Hot liquids are especially suitable because they speed up blood circulation and have a expectorant effect. In transition periods such as autumn and spring, you can especially take advantage of the effects of hot drinks that boost immunity.
To prepare it, you need a tea strainer, a tea cup with an integrated strainer or a teapot with a strainer insert.
Immunity tea is ideal and there are different types of these teas, which can affect your immune system in different ways.
We will list a few teas for the immune system below and their healing properties.
Teas for the immune system
Ginger tea for immunity
Ginger is a real versatile. The antioxidants it contains support the defense against free radicals and thus strengthen your immune system.
But even if you already have a cold, ginger immunity tea can give you relief. The yellow tuber clears the airways and has an expectorant effect. Hot substances also warm the body from the inside and stimulate blood circulation.
Otherwise, valuable ingredients are found under the bark – so be careful to peel the ginger as thin as possible or, if possible, do not peel the ginger at all – it is best to use organic ginger.
Chamomile tea and immunity
Chamomile tea has soothing and anti-inflammatory properties. Anyone who has already caught a cold can inhale dried flowers and thus gently relieve inflammation in the airways.
But chamomile tea is also a good choice as a preventive measure: its anti-inflammatory properties inhibit the growth of bacteria in the body and thus can prevent diseases and activate the immune system.
To achieve the full effect, only dried chamomile flowers should be used during cooking.
Dried sage leaves
Immunity tea from sage has natural healing properties. Contained essential oils, tannins and bitter substances have a disinfectant and anti-inflammatory effect. Sage is especially good for coughs, sore throats or hoarseness and is also a proven remedy for effective mucus relaxation.
At the same time, this medicinal plant strengthens the immune system and is therefore also an ideal prevention. Sage can alleviate even small inflammations in the mouth or mild digestive problems.
If you don’t like the recognizable, slightly bitter taste, you can sweeten sage tea with a little honey.
The bright red berries are full vitamin C . Rosehip not only strengthens the immune system, but also helps better iron absorption.
This powerful fruit helps with spring fatigue and stimulates the formation of new immune cells. At the same time, the pectins in it have a detoxifying effect.
Rosehip immunity tea is obtained from dried bark or seeds. Hibiscus flowers are often added to rosehip tea to get an intense color and pleasant taste. This combination also supports the healing properties of the bar.
In Asia, ginseng is a symbol of strength, health and longevity. This medicinal plant contains numerous minerals and valuable amino acids. Ginsenosides also have anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic effects and strengthen the immune system.
The root of this plant, rich in nutrients, is used to make tea for immunity. The root, brewed as a tea, makes the body more resistant to bacteria, stress and other harmful influences. In addition, ginseng tea stimulates metabolism and helps against exhaustion.
Green tea has been used for years for health benefits. The combination of vitamins C, E and minerals such as zinc stimulates the immune system and relieves cold symptoms.
The amino acid L-theanine that this immune tea contains also has a relaxing effect.
Important for the preparation of green tea: Depending on the variety, the optimal water temperature is between 60 and 90 degrees – otherwise this hot drink rich in nutrients has a bitter taste.
Soaking times for green tea are also often shorter than for other varieties.
The beautiful flowers of the Lapacho tree can be admired especially in Central and South America.
The bark is highly sought after as a health enhancer: Infusion for the body and health, tea has an anti-inflammatory effect and contains minerals such as calcium and iron. Even the Incas attributed a healing effect to the tropical tree.
The effect of strengthening immunity in lapachoa tea mainly comes from lapahola, which is found in the inner bark of the tree. Trees do not have to be felled for harvesting: the bark grows again without damaging the tree.
Lapacho tea for the immune system stimulates metabolism and has a detoxifying effect.
Immunity tea has a positive effect on sweating and lowering the temperature. Like juice or hot tea, zovini plant pigments help fight free radicals. Zova protects the body from cell damage and strengthens the immune system. The essential oils in flower tea are called to relieve cold symptoms and stimulate expectoration.
The gentle scent also works to relieve stress and make it easier to sleep during the night. And good sleep has a positive effect on the immune system.
Tea made from the echinacea plant supports the body’s defenses with a combination of essential oils and vitamins.
As a medicinal plant, the natives of North America have already used it against respiratory problems and injuries.
In the United States, the bright flowers of echinacea are often found as ornamental plants in gardens or parks.
Echinacea immunity tea works best as a preventive measure: the plant stimulates the production of white blood cells and thus supports the immune system.
Fruits that can help strengthen the immune system
Include fruits and vegetables in your diet
Here is a list of 10 fruits and vegetables to boost immunity that should be included in your diet:
Red pepper: If you want to significantly increase your vitamin C intake, look no further than adding chopped red peppers to your meals. They are full of antioxidants, and the high content of vitamin C helps the absorption of iron.
Turmeric: You may have heard of her before. Turmeric is causing confusion in the western health scene, which is why it is growing in popularity among health consumers. Turmeric helps improve the immune system.
Broccoli: These vegetables are rich in nutrients and are full of health benefits, which is why it is useful to add them to your diet. According to scientific research, the compound found in broccoli can help strengthen your immunity.
Garlic: In most recipes, you will find garlic, which not only improves the taste of great food, but also helps with immune function, because it contains a compound called allin, which can help fight the virus. In fact, garlic has been used as a natural antibiotic for centuries!
Spinach: Spinach is not only rich in vitamin a, vitamin c, fiber, magnesium and iron, but it also contains basic antioxidants and beta carotene that can help fight infections.
Oranges: Full of vitamin A and vitamin C, oranges can help fight infections by protecting cells and promoting immune cell function. That is why it is convenient to have a bottle of orange juice.
Yogurt: Yogurt is full of important nutrients such as calcium, magnesium and vitamin D. It also contains a lot of proteins that support hormone production and muscle growth. When you buy yogurt, try to watch out for probiotic labels.
Sunflower seed: Sunflower seeds contain a lot of vitamin E, selenium and magnesium, which can help lower blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar.