Folk names of plants
Baba Marta, wrestler, dandelion, mountaineer, yellow milk, martenitsa, pork milk.
The effect of dandelion root
Tonic, diuretic, laxative, anthelmintic and diuretic.
Application of dandelion root
In gastrointestinal, liver, bile diseases. They are used to increase appetite, as a laxative, anthelmintic and diuretic. It is recommended for the treatment of anemia, vitamin C deficiency, atherosclerosis, diabetes and some skin diseases.
How to use dandelion root tea
Pour 2 teaspoons of the root with 250 ml of cold water and leave it to stand for 8 hours. It is drunk in sips for 1 day.
* The infusion can be administered in this ratio.
Characteristic properties of the plant
Dandelion – Tarakacum officinale Web. – and its varieties are perennial plants of the family Compositae. The roots are fleshy. The leaves are collected in a rosette, glabrous, of various shapes. The flowers are yellow-orange, sometimes with reddish-brown patterns, lingual, collected in compact baskets, which are arranged on hollow stalks. The whole plant contains milk juice.
In meadows, grassy and sandy places across the country.
August – October.
The roots are dug in the second half of summer or autumn, when the leaves begin to wither. The removed roots are cleaned from the above-ground parts and from the root necks and washed.
Do not pick the roots of flowering plants because they are of poor quality.
After washing, the roots are left for a few days in a dry and ventilated place in a layer 5-6 cm thick, then they are cut crosswise. Then continue drying. The roots are arranged in a thin layer on frames or blankets in the air or in a dryer at a temperature of up to 40 °. Dry roots should not bend, but break.
From 4.5-5 kg of fresh roots, 1 kg of dry roots was obtained.
Description of the finished plant
Simple or slightly branched roots, 10-15 cm long, 0.10-1.5 cm thick, longitudinally striped, sometimes spirally twisted. Young thin roots are light brown, and old ones are dark brown. The fracture is flat. After soaking with water, the bark swells strongly and when observing its cross section with a magnifying glass, concentric gray, light and dark lines can be seen in it, and the wood in the central cylinder has a non-radial structure. The entire center cylinder is usually yellow. The smell of the root is not typical, its taste is slightly bitter.
According to BDS 2998-57, moisture is allowed no more than 12%; finely crushed parts – not more than 0.5%; changed parts (with darkened interior, moldy, etc.) – no more than 3%; other parts of the plant (aboveground parts) – not more than 1%; parts of other plants – not more than 0.5%; lateral mineral impurities – not more than 1%. The roots must not contain live insects and larvae.
In dry and ventilated rooms in well-prepared packages. Insects often attack them and can be eaten by worms if kept undried or in damp rooms.