Insect stings – recognize insects and their stings

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Ticks

krpeljiTicks are insects that can literally hook like a hook to the skin while walking through the grass or walking in the park. Ticks do not always carry the disease, and most stings are not serious in nature. Still, they can carry the causes of serious diseases, including Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, as well as the causative agents of deadly tick-borne meningoencephalitis.

Tick stings

krpelj ujedWhen they come to the skin, Ticks usually look for a warm and moist place, such as the armpits and groin. When they arrive at their destination, they feed on blood and transmit some diseases. A tick bite can trigger an allergic reaction. If a sting occurs, it is important to remove the tick properly. In preventing tick bites, it is important to cover your hands, feet, and head during your stay in nature. Use an anti-sting repellent. After time spent in nature, check your stings. If you stay in nature for a long time, get vaccinated against tick-borne meningoencephalitis.

Lyme disease

lajmska bolest prikazA tick bite can carry Lyme disease bacteria, which usually does not spread for the first 36 hours after the bite. The first sign of infection is often a circular rash on the skin. Early signs may include fever and fatigue. Untreated Lyme disease can spread to other parts of the body, including muscles, joints, heart, and nervous system. It is successfully treated with antibiotics.

Black Widow Spider: Poisonous!

crna udovica paukForest cuttings and tree stumps are places where poisonous black widow females are hidden. It is long-legged and bright black in color with a characteristic orange, red or yellow (hourglass-like) border on the underside. The diameter of the largest number of spiders is 5 centimeters.

Stab the black widow

ujed crne udoviceA black widow’s sting usually causes sharp, strong pain, but sometimes it can be painless. You can see one or two red sores on the skin caused by the bite of poisonous teeth. You can see redness, swelling, and inflamed lymph nodes around them. The sting causes severe muscle cramps, nausea, and vomiting high blood pressure. The patient urgently needs help. Doctor’s offices have an antidote that must be readily available. If possible, and if you manage to catch the spider, bring it in for identification.

What is a brown desert spider, is its sting deadly?

Hidden in attics and sheds – in the Midwestern United States – are where you’ll find a brown desert spider. Spiders range in color from yellowish-brown to dark brown with dark legs. Their venom is extremely poisonous and can cause large wounds and infections, but the sting is sometimes painless.

Stab a brown desert spider

The bite of a brown desert spider is usually painless, but soon the skin turns red, pale, and a painful “bull’s eye” blister forms. These stings can be deadly. Take care of the patient immediately and take him to the doctor, and if you can, bring a spider for identification.

 

Scalp lice: Itching!

Hair is where you will find the most often hidden ears on the neck and behind the ear. Lice are obtained by sharing hats, combs, or other things from people who have them. Lice cause itching, but scratching can cause an infection. In more serious cases, hair may fall out.

 

How to treat lice?

To destroy lice and their eggs (called nits), your doctor will prescribe lotions, creams, or shampoos. Wash clothes and combs to prevent the spread of lice. Check all household members and treat anyone who has nits or lice.

 

Fleas – are not just a feature of dogs

buvaFleas are small, wingless, aggressive insects that suck human blood and are present in pets.

 

Flea stings

ujedi buveSome people are very susceptible to flea bites – but the itching and scratching can cause sores and consequent infection. The best treatment is to remove fleas from pets using insecticides. Keep pets away from the bed, vacuum the carpets daily, and spray insecticides on infected areas.

 

Bee, wasp, hornet

When a bee stings, it loses its sting and dies, but a wasp, hornet, or yellow wasp can inflict multiple stings because they do not lose their sting during the sting. Stings in allergic people can cause serious reactions.

 

What to do if we are stung by a bee, wasp or hornet?

ubod od oseIf you have a serious anaphylactic reaction, lie down and carefully remove the sting. If you have a local antihistamine (chloropyramine, promethazine hydrochloride, etc.) on hand, apply it to the puncture site. Use a garter above the sting to keep the venom from spreading further and immobilize the affected arm.

If you do not have an allergic reaction, remove the sting, clean the puncture site, apply ice, take oral antihistamines for itching and take ibuprofen or acetaminophen to reduce pain.

Fire ants

vatreni mravFire ants resemble ordinary ants and are found mostly in the United States’ southeastern parts. They make large earthen hills, and when disturbed, they are very aggressive. During an attack, a fire ant clings to its jaws inside the skin and stabs its abdomen. This injection of poison can take a long time.

Fire ant sting

ubod vatrenih mravaThe sting of a yellow-fire ant typically causes a red, hive-like lesion that is warm and itchy. Besides, painful pus-filled lesions may occur. Cold compresses, analgesics and antihistamines can help. A large number of stings can cause a toxic, serious, and life-threatening allergic reaction. Urgent intervention is needed.

Chiggers Little Tropical Fly: Itching!

mala tropska muhaChiggers are tiny flies found in the tall grass or weeds of tropical forests. They are clawed to the skin and feed on skin cells. The stings are painless, but the lesions are very itchy.

What causes the bites of small tropical flies?

After a few days on the skin, the chiggers fall off – leaving red changes that itch a lot. Topical antihistamines can help reduce itching. If the skin looks infected or the redness spreads fringe, contact your doctor.

Itching or itching

When the causes of itching enter the skin, they can cause multiple problems. The larvae spread through the skin (skin-to-skin contact) from infected people to healthy ones – or by skin contact with infected towels, bedding and clothing.

How to treat itching?

Intense itching and pain of the skin occur a few weeks after the larvae enter the skin. The itching is very severe and usually gets worse at night. The rash is typically visible on the sides of the fingers, wrists, elbows, genitals, and thighs. In treatment, doctors prescribe lotions and/or tablets. Wash all clothes, towels, and mats in warm water.

What are Bedbugs?

stjenicaLegend has it that bed bugs are tiny insects that try to hide in bed. They are usually found in hotels, bungalows, apartment complexes, and in the house, they can be found in luggage, in the hair of pets, and in closets.

 

What do bed bug bites look like

ugriz stjeniceBedbug bites leave itchy, red bites, usually on the hands’ skin or on the shoulders. As a result of scratching, infections can cause even more discomfort. In the treatment, use an anti-inflammatory cream with oral antihistamines and contact your doctor.

 

Caterpillars

gusenicaThe most venomous caterpillars are found in the United States’ southern states, where they are found in the shade of trees such as elm, oak, and maple. The poison is hidden in a hollow thorn between the hairs.

What are the symptoms of caterpillar stings?

If you are stung by a caterpillar, you may experience intense pain, rash, fever, vomiting, and muscle cramps. In therapy, remove broken thorns from the skin using cellophane tape or commercial facial peels and contact your doctor.

What are scorpions? Can their sting be deadly?

Not everyone scorpions poisonous, but those that are can cause death. Scorpios are most commonly found in tropical and subtropical areas. In the southeastern and western parts of the United States and Africa, and Australia, scorpion stings are deadly. Sting symptoms include pain, swelling, itching, vomiting, increased sweating, and consciousness loss. Start treatment immediately.

Does a yellow fly sting cause pain?

Yellow flies live in moist soil, moist forests, and other humid environments. Yellow flies spread tularemia, an infectious bacterial disease that requires medical attention. Repellents and protective clothing help prevent yellow fly bites. Smear painful scars with alcohol to prevent the infection.

 

Is mosquitoes just irritating?

komaracMosquitoes are annoying, but by scratching the wounds caused by stings, the skin can become infected. They can be potentially deadly and are transmitted by the West Nile virus, dengue fever, and other diseases. To protect against mosquitoes, apply repellents and cover all parts of the body before entering nature.

 

Housefly – Dirty, hairy!

muvaThe housefly is a dirty insect because it carries more than a million bacteria on its body. It can spread intestinal infections by contaminating food. To protect yourself from flies, store food in closed, cool rooms and garbage in closed containers.

 

Cockroaches

Cockroaches are ugly, and they transmit the causes of some infectious diseases such as salmonella. If they die, their dead bodies in humans can trigger an allergic reaction and asthma. Destruction is done with pesticides, cleaning the house, and repairing cracks and holes in the floor and walls.
Destruction can be difficult in a warm and humid environment.
In short: Insect stings are very common and often cause various difficulties and sometimes death. It is necessary to know the insects and the changes in the skin that occur as a result of their toxins’ action. Treatment is usually symptomatic, but sometimes you must include emergency medical intervention in the treatment to prevent severe pain and death in time.

Did you know:

Cockroach allergies are much more common than dust allergies and can be confused with other allergies, including the aforementioned house dust allergy, pet hair allergy, and mold.

Cockroach allergies can develop from their saliva, outer shell, eggs, and feces. Allergy symptoms include exacerbation of asthma, snoring or nasal congestion, chronic sinusitis, eye infection, and skin rash.

Treating cockroach allergy is the same as treating dust allergy with antihistamines, decongestants, anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-inflammatory drugs, and avoiding areas infested with cockroaches. It is also advised to clean the house from pests and spoiled food.

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