Cancer, cancer or cancer is a group of diseases caused by uncontrolled cell division. Today’s science still does not know how this anomaly was caused, except that it can say with great certainty that it is a consequence of a disorder of genetic material, and it relies heavily on statistics.
So, let’s see what cancer is and how it occurs in theory. The human body contains 50 – 100 billion (50,000,000,000,000 – 100,000,000,000,000) cells of various types and functions. But they all have genetic material in common. Almost all cells (except special ones, such as sexual and nervous) have a similar life cycle and way of division. Cell division is the way our bodies grow, but also the way the older cells of our tissues are replaced by new younger ones. Also, division is important because it serves to heal tissue after injury, for example.
Genes are the parts of cells that define their behavior and functions. Thus, there are genes that serve to multiply cells, also, those cells serve to count its existence and not to tell when a cell will die. But damaged genes bring cells into an abnormal state in which they multiply too quickly by not fulfilling their positive purpose in the organism. Damaged genes can also delay the death of an old cell that is no longer able to perform its normal functions due to age, but, since it is alive, it certainly performs some functions. One of the main functions of such cells is to make a group of similar cells around them, called a tumor. The tumor does not have to be cancer!
Tumor can be benign and malignant. Benign tumors are of regular shape, clearly demarcated from the surrounding tissue, do not have the ability to spread to other organs and can be easily removed completely. Malignant tumors, on the other hand, can spread through the blood and lymph fluid to other healthy tissues, where they continue to grow and form new colonies called metastases. The initial tumor is also called the primary tumor, while its metastases are also called secondary tumors.
Cancer can appear anywhere in the body, and a person can become ill without knowing it for years. In fact, when a person starts to feel symptoms, doctors know that it may be too late … However, our experience shows that there are cases that have lived much longer than doctors thought they would live.
It is known that there are several million precancerous cells (those with altered genetic material) in every organism, but man has innate mechanisms for recognizing and isolating such cells. This mechanism works by causing precancerous cells to age, thus preventing them from multiplying. Science has managed to isolate certain genes without which this process is impossible, such as p53 and Pten.
This process takes place in each of us throughout life, and in people who we say have cancer, a disorder of that innate ability has actually occurred, and as a result, these abnormal cells develop unhindered and unite into groups and tissues, and thus the development of cancer begins. . These undead tissues feed from the same sources as healthy cells – through the blood. As these cells have disrupted functions and multiply too fast, far faster than healthy cells in the body, it begins to lose the battle against them.
What do the statistics say?
GLOBOCAN is 2018. He calculated that close to 13 million patients would appear in the world every year, of which over 7.5 million died of cancer. In women, breast cancer is the cancer with the highest percentage of patients but also mortality compared to other types of cancer. Namely, 23% of women who suffer from cancer have breast cancer, and 14% of women who die from cancer die from the consequences of this type of cancer. In men, lung cancer is the most common, affecting 17% of those suffering from cancer, and 23% of deaths are caused by this cancer. In women, lung cancer accounts for 11% of all cancer victims.
This research also showed that people from developed parts of the world are significantly more likely to get cancer . 56% of those who suffer from cancer are from developed parts of the world, and 64% of those who die from cancer are also from more developed parts of the world.
In Serbia, about 120,000 people suffer from cancer, and 18,000 of them die every year. As in the world, lung cancer in Serbia takes far more lives than other cancers; as many as 3-4 times more victims succumb to lung cancer than under all other cancers. Colon cancer is the second leading cause of death in our country, taking 2,300 victims a year. In women, breast cancer is the most common , followed immediately by cervical cancer. Prostate cancer in men is predicted to exceed the incidence of lung cancer in the future.
The causes of cancer are still largely unknown …
Scientists prefer to use the term “risk factors” instead of “causative agents”. Cancer risk factors can be listed and will certainly be listed below, but none of the cancers have clear causes and none of the risk factors work as a rule . These risk factors are the result of decades of research in the form of surveys, interviews, experiments, statistical analyzes and the like. This means that in practice, smokers get lung cancer more often than non-smokers, for example. And in general, people who do not take care of their diet, lifestyle, physical activities get sick more often than those who take care of it.
Risk factors in cancer are: gene mutations, immune system disorders, some hormones, certain viruses and bacteria, unhealthy environment and unhealthy lifestyle, which means improper diet, lack of physical activity, smoking, long-term occupational exposure to carcinogens, excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays and more .
The most serious disease today – cancer
According to many, cancer is the most difficult incurable disease of today. Scientists are working every day to test new drugs, new types of therapy, methods of treatment, treatment, but the solution simply eludes us. No matter how much effort is invested, it turns out that there is no cure and the percentage of patients and mortality of this serious disease is not decreasing, on the contrary, it is constantly growing in many segments. Or is that so? Every third person gets sick in the modern world (developed areas are especially high risk). And yet there are those who did not die of cancer, who simply survived.
We try to find solutions from the experiences of individuals and groups, but we mostly rely on the research of official Eastern medicine, which confirms that there are fungi and herbs that help cure cancer. With chemotherapy , radiotherapy, change in diet and lifestyle, the products we offer will strengthen your immunity, help your body recover from debilitating types of therapies (such as chemotherapy), force your cells to start an organized fight against cancer cells by stimulating them on the microbiological level. You will feel stronger and you will be able to simply cope with the disease that is bothering you.
Cancer is a disease of today. This means that people get sick because of something that was not in their lives until only a century and a half ago. Today we eat unhealthily, vegetables and fruits that must be an indispensable part of the daily diet are grown in a polluted environment and sprayed with cheap chemicals. The water we drink is treated to make it as clean as possible, but it certainly has ingredients from the environment that cannot be removed … We eat fast and unhealthily, we buy food at the kiosk instead of cooking and eating food at home. We live faster than our bodies can handle and push ourselves to the edge of our capabilities. We smoke or are a victim of smokers in the house, we drink alcohol in various quantities, we take more and more drugs which are becoming the most developed under-grain business in the world. We don’t go to the doctor because something hurts us, but we take a painkiller for which we don’t know exactly what it is intended for. The list goes on and on and it is clear that we need to change something.
When the stop comes, we all try to evaporate the crooked drines, but then it may be too late. Just by reading this text means that you are ready to do something, both on a conscious and unconscious level. Be persistent in what you decide to change. Be disciplined. Your life is in your hands and if you firmly decide to proudly defy cancer only then can you expect to be cured and not get sick anymore. It’s up to you. There are people who survive, so can you.
Listen to everything the doctor tells you. The doctor wishes you well and knows what is best for you in relation to your condition. He is guided by clear and statistical calculations and tells you what the chance of survival is and if there is none he tells you how long you will live. We know cases that have lasted much longer than what the doctor predicted. This is because the doctor has in his head the black statistics that apply to the majority who will not move a finger, who have already surrendered and come to terms with the fact that their life is over. And there are solutions … Of course, it is much more difficult, almost impossible when the cancer metastasizes to several organs and tissue types. But don’t let that happen. Preventively include in your diet what will help your body get back on its feet and cope with all kinds of diseases. When cancer has already occurred, do not despair, take the recommended doses of what we offer you with all the therapy that your doctor advises.
Of the mushrooms we advise, there is the first one reishi . Reishi strengthens the body’s immunity and is rich in various antitumor compounds. Research at the Institute of the National Cancer Center in Tokyo has shown that reishi or Ganoderma Lucidum has a very high rate of tumor inhibition (in some cases up to 100%). Read more about it here . Shiitake also has a strong anti-cancer effect because it has a similar composition as reishi, only in a slightly weaker concentration. But shiitake is edible, unlike woody reishi, which cannot be used in the diet, but only in the form of a drink or extract. Also, maitake is great since it is similar to these two, but we do not have it in our range. Mushroom Cordyceps Sinensis indirectly helps cancer patients by strengthening their body. Most importantly, Cordyceps is heavily involved in the utilization of oxygen in the body, and it is known that cancer cells do not need oxygen to produce life energy like healthy cells. In other words, if we made oxygen enter a cancer cell, it would start functioning normally and would no longer be a cancer cell, and Cordyceps helps with just that. How Cordyceps helps people taking chemotherapy read here . Lingzhi or Phellinus Linteus also has a strong effect on human immunity.
We especially recommend astragalus because it is rich in various minerals and vitamins necessary for human normal functioning. It also contains some ingredients that a person has almost nowhere to take in a modern diet (such as selenium). Ashwagandha is another plant that has been shown to stop the development of lung, breast and colon cancer cells (albeit in the laboratory).
What are the types of cancer?
It is an increasingly common misconception that cancer is a type of disease and people more or less know that there are more types of cancer. But how many types of cancer are there and what are those types? What is the importance of knowing the type of cancer patient?
There are over 200 types of cancer. Our body contains about 60 different internal organs and each of them is made up of different tissues (man has four types of tissues: epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous). Each tissue consists of a certain type of cells. As cancer can develop from almost any type of cell, it is clear that each organ can develop more than one type of cancer. Of course, some types of cancer on a particular organ are more common than others.
The treatment of cancer largely depends on the type of cancer, and that actually means that it is necessary to find on which organ the cancer started to develop, and then on which type of tissue of that organ. Only then does the treatment begin … Here we will list and briefly describe the most common types of cancer.
Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world. By far the most people with cancer have lung cancer, and the mortality rate has been rising for more than twenty years. He takes more than 5,000 lives a year in Serbia.
Several types of lung cancer can be divided into two groups: microcellular and non-microcellular lung cancer. Microcellular occurs in 20% of cases, metastasizes early to the brain, liver, bones and adrenal glands. Non-small cell lung cancer is far more common (80%), and some forms are adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. The rarest form is giant cell carcinoma.
Smoking is responsible for 85% of lung cancer cases. Lung cancer in non-smokers exposed to tobacco smoke is on the rise. Other risk factors are: exposure to radon, asbestos dust, petroleum products, air pollution, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tuberculosis patients, patients with previous tumors of the upper aerodigastric pathways, genetic predisposition.
Symptoms include persistent cough, coughing up blood and blood clots, difficulty breathing, frequent pneumonia, loss of appetite, weakness, anemia. With cancers that are localized in the upper part of the lungs, there is pain in the shoulder girdle, and due to the pressure on the blood vessels, there is swelling of the veins in the neck, swelling of the eyelids …
Lung cancer can be diagnosed by lung radiography, CT, PET, bronchoscopy, FNA sampling, mediastinoscopy.
Lung cancer can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy. These treatments can be performed as individual or combined and the decision on treatment is made by a multidisciplinary team depending on a large number of factors, primarily the type of tumor, stage of the disease, general condition and internal medicine findings. Disease stages for non-small cell lung cancer and treatment options
IA T1N0M0 surgery
IBT2N0M0 surgery +/- chemotherapy
IIA T2, 3N0, 1M0 surgery +/- chemotherapy
IIB T2, 3N0 / 1M0 surgery +/- chemotherapy
IIIA T1-3N1M0 IIIB T1-4N3M0 radiotherapy + chemotherapy
IIIB T4N0-3 M0 chemotherapy IIIB T all N all M1 chemotherapy, palliative radiotherapy
Breast cancer characterized by uncontrolled cell division, rapid growth and metastasis to both regional lymph nodes and distant tissues.
They are divided into two larger groups: more common tumors of glandular origin and less common tumors of connective tissue (sarcomas). Glandular tumors can be invasive or non-invasive, depending on the stage of the disease. According to the place of origin, they are divided into ductal and lobular.
After the age of 30, the risk increases exponentially, the most common age in which women get sick is after the age of 60. Earlier cancer of the breast, but also of the ovaries, uterus or colon increases the risk of a new disease. Less important factors include: earlier first menstruation, later menopause, later first childbirth and absence of breastfeeding. A positive family history is a significant factor in people who have two or more close relatives with breast cancer. Other factors are obesity and lack of physical activity.
Thickening of the breast, new changes in the form of skin ripples or nipple retraction. Secretion from the nipple (especially bloody), new asymmetry.
Clinical examination, mammography, ultrasound examination. In exceptional cases, magnetic resonance imaging or PET is used.
The decision on treatment is made in consultation, and the oncology surgeon, medical oncologist, radiologist and pathologist must be present. The decision is made according to the international TNM classification.
Cervical cancer uterus
In third place in Serbia in frequency. This cancer is completely medically curable if detected in time.
– squamous cell carcinoma – squamous epithelial cancer (85-90%)
– adenocarcinoma – cancer of the glandular epithelium (10-15% of cases)
It is widely believed that the main cause of cervical cancer is a sexually transmitted HPV virus, of a certain type (the most dangerous is type 16 and type 18), which transforms cervical cells into malignant ones. The combined presence of several types of this virus is common. Therefore, risk factors would be related to promiscuity, early first intercourse, unprotected intercourse, and other types of risky sexual behavior. Also, the presence of HIV or immunodeficiency of the organism are among the risk factors.
Occurrence of vaginal secretions, bleeding after intercourse and outside the menstrual cycle, pelvic pain, frequent urination, constipation, swelling in the legs.
Gynecological palpation and speculum examination, Pap test, colposcopy and pelvic ultrasound. If there is a suspicion that cancer has developed, a biopsy of the cervix is performed. In some cases it is necessary to do CT or magnetic resonance imaging.
At least a gynecologist, radiotherapist and internist chemotherapist participate in the console that decides on the modality of treatment. The consortium chooses between three treatment modalities. First, in cases where the cancer has not yet metastasized or has conditionally metastasized locally, surgery is performed. In stage II, III, and IV, radiation therapy is performed, and in some cases in combination with chemotherapy. Recently, together with radiation, the so-called chemopotency with cytostatics has been performed.