Thyroid thyroid anatomy

Thyroid or thyroid gland (lat. glandular thyroid ) lies below m. sternothyroideusa and m. sternohyoideusa, anteriorly in the neck at the level of the C5-T1 vertebrae. It consists primarily of the left and right lobes, anterolaterally of the larynx and trachea. The relatively thin isthmus connects the lobes through the trachea, usually anterior to the […]

Epidural hematoma

An epidural hematoma, sometimes called an extradural hematoma, accumulates blood that forms between the skull’s inner surface and the outer layer of the hard meninges  (dura mater). Often, epidural hematomas are associated with a history of trauma and an associated skull fracture and are typically seen in younger individuals who have suffered head trauma. About […]

Abdominal aorta

Most of the arteries that supply the posterior abdominal wall come from the abdominal aorta. The subcostal arteries separate from the thoracic part of the aorta and are distributed below the twelfth rib. The abdominal aorta is approximately 13 cm long. It begins at the diaphragm’s aortic hiatus at the level of the T12 vertebra […]